PROCEED (2006-2009)

 PROJECT TITLE Principles of successful high quality public transport operation and development
 TIME FRAME2006-2009
 PROJECT PARTNERSECORYS (NL), IVV (B), ETT (E), National TU Atene (GR), Lund University (S), UM FG (SLO), University of Vilnius (LIT), ETH (CH), Austin Analytic (UK), FGM-AMOR (A)


The research work undertaken within PROCEED will improve the understanding of the main issues related to the fundamental changes that local and regional public transport operations in most EU Member States are currently undergoing.

PROCEED will tackle the challenges and lead to an improved expertise and an extended knowledge-base that will help to develop, implement and assess European policy on one hand, while on the other hand it will help to plan, develop and implement effective and efficient public transport (bus) systems in small and medium sized cities (between 25.000 and 200.000 inhabitants) and their surroundings all over Europe.

Such provision of high quality public transport is an essential contribution to the framework-conditions supporting modal shift away from individual motorized traffic towards sustainable transport modes.   

PROCEED will conduct research aiming to find out how public transport operations can improve their attractiveness to the customers and at the same time improve their efficiency. The research will be based on four very important statements for an attractive public transport system:

  • Fast and reliable
  • Simple structure
  • Attractive vehicles
  • Good information

All activities in PROCEED will consider the two linked components of public transport operation: “market side” and “product side”.  The work within PROCEED will be divided into three main parts:

  • analysis (WP 2)
  • synthesis (WP 3)
  • verification (WP 4)  


In the analysis part we will collect data on success factors and pitfalls from public transport operators all around Europe.  The market side analysis will concentrate on the users and non-users, to understand what is needed (e.g. in the fields of marketing and intermodality) to attract more passengers. The product side analysis will concentrate on the operation of public transport including information, high quality infrastructure and rolling stock. 


The analysis of current operations of bus services in at least one city of each of the EU-member states, and the consideration of the findings of related research projects will enable PROCEED to take into account European-wide trends as well as local issues. Based on these data gained from the analysis-work, and based on the findings of related research projects, and considering future trends and changes in European society and legislation, PROCEED will produce a vision of the long term future of bus services in small and medium sized cities. 

This will lead to a better understanding of the costs and benefits of 

  • improving the image (offensive marketing etc.),
  • improving reliability and speed (incl. dedicated lanes, design to speed up boarding, information, etc.),
  • improving comfort (access for all, integration, park and ride, on-board air quality, etc.).


In the verification part of PROCEED the adequacy and usefulness of the guidelines will be controlled and verified with stakeholders in different parts of Europe. We have subcontracted eight public transport operators to the project, whose representatives will form a strategic reference group to evaluate the practical usefulness and comprehensiveness of the guidelines. During the project more subcontractors can be added.


Practical guidelines that include the most important experiences, will be designed to help decision makers, public transport planners and operators to efficiently and effectively develop, upgrade, finance and manage urban bus systems and related mobility services. 

PROCEED will also produce educational materials (Power Point presentations, written materials) especially addressing ongoing transport planners and decision makers and distribute these to schools and universities.